R: Connecting to SQL Server Database

You can query data from a SQL Server database directly from R using the RODBC package.

install.packages("RODBC")

First you need to form a connection

library(RODBC)
##connection string
cn <- odbcDriverConnect(connection="Driver={SQL Server Native Client 11.0};server=localhost; database=SSRSTraining;trusted_connection=yes;")

We use the odbcDriverConnect() function. Inside we pass a connection = value

Driver = {SQL Server Native Client 11.0};  — this is based on the version of SQL Server you have

server=localhost;  — I used localhost because the SQL Server was on the same computer I was working with. Otherwise, pass the server name

database=SSRSTraining; — name of database I want to work with

trusted_connection=yes; — this means I am able to pass my Windows credentials.

If you don’t have a trusted connect pass the user Id and password like this

uid = userName; pwd = Password;

Note each parameter is separated by a semicolon

Query the database

> ##passes query to SQL Server
> df <- sqlQuery(cn, "select * FROM [SSRSTraining].[dbo].[JobDataSet]")
> head(df)

    Name              Job Hours Complete
1  Sally Predictive Model     1        n
2 Philip      Maintanence    10        n
3    Tom    Ad-hoc Report    12        y
4    Bob             SSRS     3        y
5 Philip         Tableau      7        n
6    Tom         Tableau      9        n

using sqlQuery() – pass through the connection string (cn) and enclose your query in ” ”

 

 

 

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